down

down1
adverb
1》 towards or in a lower place or position.
    ↘to or at a place perceived as lower.
    ↘away from the north.
    ↘Brit. away from the capital or major city.
    ↘Brit. away from a university, especially Oxford or Cambridge.
2》 to or at a lower level or value.
    ↘to a smaller amount or size, or a simpler or more basic state.
    ↘from an earlier to a later point in time or order.
3》 in or into a weaker or worse position, mood, or condition.
    ↘(of a computer system) out of action.
4》 so as to lie flush or flat.
5》 in or into writing.
    ↘on or on to a list or record.
6》 (with reference to partial payment of a sum of money) made initially or on the spot.
7》 (of sailing) with the current or the wind.
    ↘(of a ship's helm) moved round to leeward.
8》 American Football (of the ball or a player in possession) not in play.
preposition
1》 from a higher to a lower point of.
2》 at a point further along the course of.
    ↘along the course or extent of.
3》 throughout (a period of time).
4》 informal at or to (a place).
adjective
1》 directed or moving towards a lower place or position.
    ↘denoting trains travelling away from the main terminus.
2》 unhappy.
3》 (of a computer system) out of action.
4》 US black slang supporting or going along with.
    ↘following the latest fashion.
5》 Physics denoting a flavour of quark having a charge of - 1/3.
verb informal
1》 knock or bring to the ground.
2》 consume (a drink).
3》 (of a golfer) sink (a putt).
noun
1》 (downs) informal unwelcome events.
2》 informal a period of unhappiness.
3》 American Football a chance for a team to advance the ball, ending when the ball carrier is tackled or the ball becomes out of play.
Phrases
be (or have a) down on Brit. informal feel hostile towards.
be down to
1》 be attributable to (a factor).
    ↘be the responsibility of.
2》 be left with only (the specified amount).
down and dirty N. Amer. informal
1》 highly competitive or unprincipled.
2》 raw and uninhibited.
down at heel
1》 (of a shoe) having a worn heel.
2》 shabby or impoverished.
down in the mouth informal unhappy.
down on one's luck informal having a period of bad luck.
down to the ground informal completely; totally.
down tools Brit. informal stop work.
down with —— expressing strong dislike.
Origin
OE dūn, dūne, shortened from adūne 'downward', from the phr. of dūne 'off the hill' (see down3).
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down2
noun
1》 soft, fine feathers forming the covering of a young bird or an insulating layer below the contour feathers of an adult bird, used for stuffing cushions and quilts.
2》 fine, soft hair on a person's skin.
    ↘short, soft hairs on leaves, fruit, or seeds.
Origin
ME: from ON dúnn.
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down3
noun a gently rolling hill.
↘(the Downs) ridges of undulating chalk and limestone hills in southern England.
Origin
OE dūn 'hill', perh. ult. of Celtic origin and related to Old Ir. dún and obs. Welsh din 'fort'.

English new terms dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • Down — Down, adv. [For older adown, AS. ad[=u]n, ad[=u]ne, prop., from or off the hill. See 3d {Down}, and cf. {Adown}, and cf. {Adown}.] 1. In the direction of gravity or toward the center of the earth; toward or in a lower place or position; below;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Down on — Down Down, adv. [For older adown, AS. ad[=u]n, ad[=u]ne, prop., from or off the hill. See 3d {Down}, and cf. {Adown}, and cf. {Adown}.] 1. In the direction of gravity or toward the center of the earth; toward or in a lower place or position;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Down — may refer to: Relative direction, where down is the direction towards the centre of gravity of a celestial object. Railroad directions, where down and up have locally significant meanings Down feather, a soft bird feather frequently used in… …   Wikipedia

  • down — down1 [doun] adv. [ME doun < adune, adown < OE adune, ofdune, from the hill < a , of , off, from + dune, dat. of dun, hill: see DOWN3] 1. from a higher to a lower place; toward the ground 2. in, on, or to a lower position or level;… …   English World dictionary

  • Down in It — Single by Nine Inch Nails from the album Pretty Hate Machine Released …   Wikipedia

  • Down — /down/, n. 1. a county in SW Northern Ireland. 311,876; 952 sq. mi. (2466 sq. km). Co. seat: Downpatrick. 2. an administrative district in this county. 49,500; 253 sq. mi. (654 sq. km). * * * I District (pop., 1999 est.: 63,800), Northern Ireland …   Universalium

  • Down In It — Single par Nine Inch Nails extrait de l’album Pretty Hate Machine Sortie 15 septembre 1989 Enregistrement 1989 Durée 17:45 Genre(s) Metal industriel …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Down in It — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda «Down in It» Sencillo de Nine Inch Nails del álbum Pretty Hate Machine Publicación 15 de septiembre de 1989 Formato CD, 12 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Down in It — Single par Nine Inch Nails extrait de l’album Pretty Hate Machine Sortie 15 septembre 1989 Enregistrement 1989 Durée 17:45 Genre Metal industriel …   Wikipédia en Français

  • down — Ⅰ. down [1] ► ADVERB 1) towards or in a lower place or position. 2) to or at a lower level or value. 3) so as to lie flush or flat. 4) in or into a weaker or worse position, mood, or condition. 5) to a smaller amount or size, or a simpler or more …   English terms dictionary

  • Down — ([daʊn], engl. unten, herunter, herab, nieder) steht für: eine Grafschaft in Nordirland, siehe County Down einen District in Nordirland, siehe Down (District) eine Genommutation beim Menschen, siehe Down Syndrom (Trisomie 21) einen Quark, siehe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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